Wolfe, James


Wolfe, James
(1727-1759)
   WM Intrusted by William Pitt with command of expedition against Quebec, 65, 73; singular anecdote of, 65; birth and personal characteristics, 66, 67; at Dettingen and Culloden, 68; in Paris, 69; attached to the Louisbourg expedition, 70; falls in love, 70, 72; returns to England, 71; his criticism of the Louisbourg campaign, 72; made brigadier and intrusted with expedition against Quebec, 73; bids farewell to father and mother, 74; has under him three brigadiers, 74; hears of his father's death, 76; his plan for the attack, 76-78; proceeds to upper end of island of Orleans, 93; perceives all the difficulty of the situation, 96; his proclamation to the Canadians, 101; advances to Pointe Lévis, 108; decides on bombardment of Quebec, 110; seizes left bank of Montmorency River, 112; his hesitancy, 119; courtesy to prisoners taken by Carleton, 125; tries to bridge Montmorency, 127; attempts passage of Montmorency by a ford, 128; protests against use of fire-rafts, 130; his poor opinion of Canadian militia, 132, 173; his plan to bring on general engagement, 134; unsuccessfully attacks French position at Montmorency, 139-143; greatly appreciates kindness shown to Ochterlony, 145; after defeat at Montmorency, bombards city with increased severity, 145; burns country on both sides of the St. Lawrence, 149; ill of fever at Ange Gardien, 154; his great activity and energy, 154; hands command over to his brigadiers, 154; his three plans for attack, 154; accepts plans of brigadiers, 155; convalescent, 156; letter to his mother, 156; his extreme despondency, 157; abandons position at Montmorency, 158; resolves to attack above Quebec, 159; gives general order to be ready for early landing, 163; goes to Pointe-aux-Trembles to reconnoitre, 164; his great discouragement expressed in letter to Lord Holdernesse, 166; goes down opposite Le Foulon and makes careful examination of it, 168; his propositions to council of war, as narrated by French author, 169; visits each ship in the fleet above Quebec, 170; his last proclamation from H.M.S. Sutherland, 172; bequests in his will, 175; intrusts portrait of Miss Lowther to Captain Jervis, 175; his boat takes the lead in moving down the river, 179; his conversation in the boat, 179; recites Gray's Elegy, 180; climbs up cliff and arranges troops in line of battle, 182; advances towards Quebec, 186; marches to battle at head of his troops, 197; death of, 200; his remains conveyed to England on Royal William, 238; grief of his mother, 239; monument to, in Westminster Abbey, 239. Dr His friendship for Carleton, 30; secures his appointment to Quebec expedition, 31. P Causes of his victory at Quebec, 143. BL Sydenham ranked with, 112. Hd Besieges Quebec, 25; preparations made in event of his failure, 28; his success and death, 34; compared with Amherst, 35; Gugy comes with, to Quebec, 62; glories won by, on Plains of Abraham, 121.
   Bib.: Doughty, Siege of Quebec; Wood, Fight for Canada; Willson, Life and Letters of James Wolfe; Salmon, Life of Wolfe; Bradley, Life of Wolfe and The Fight with France.

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  • Wolfe,James — Wolfe (wo͝olf), James. 1727 1759. British general in Canada. He defeated the French at Quebec (1759) but was mortally wounded in the battle. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wolfe, James — born Jan. 2, 1727, Westerham, Kent, Eng. died Sept. 13, 1759, Quebec British army commander. After a distinguished military career in Europe, in 1758 he helped lead Gen. Jeffery Amherst s successful expedition against the French on Cape Breton… …   Universalium

  • Wolfe, James — ► (1727 59) Militar británico. Obtuvo una decisiva victoria sobre las fuerzas francesas de Canadá, mandadas por Montcalm. * * * (2 ene. 1727, Westerham, Kent, Inglaterra–13 sep. 1759, Quebec). Oficial de ejército británico. En 1758, tras una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WOLFE, JAMES —    major general, born in Kent, son of a lieutenant general, who served under Marlborough; was present at the battles of Dettingen, Fontenoy, Falkirk, and Culloden, and served in the expedition against Rochefort, which it was believed proved… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wolfe — Wolfe, James Wolfe, Thomas Wolfe, Tom * * * (as used in expressions) Miller, Jonathan (Wolfe) Tone, (Theobald) Wolfe Wolfe, Elsie de Ella Anderson de Wolfe Wolfe, James Wolfe, Thomas (Clayton) Wolfe, Tom Thomas Kennerly Wolfe, Jr …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wolfe — (James) (1727 1759) général anglais. Envoyé en Nouvelle France, il battit Montcalm devant Québec, dans les plaines d Abraham, mais, comme son adversaire, il fut mortellement blessé. Wolfe (Thomas Clayton) (1900 1938) romancier américain: Au fil… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • James Ford Rhodes — (1 May 1848–22 January 1927), was an American industrialist and historian born in Cleveland, Ohio. He attended New York University beginning in 1865. He also attended the Collège de France. During his studies in Europe he visited ironworks and… …   Wikipedia

  • James Wolfe — General James Wolfe (2 January, 1727 ndash; 13 September, 1759) was a British Army officer, known for his training reforms but remembered chiefly for his victory over the French in Canada and establishing British rule there. Because of this he… …   Wikipedia

  • James Wolfe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wolfe. James Wolfe Naissance 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wolfe — /woolf/, n. 1. Charles, 1791 1823, Irish poet. 2. James, 1727 59, English general. 3. Thomas (Clayton) /klayt n/, 1900 38, U.S. novelist. 4. Tom (Thomas Kennerly Wolfe, Jr.), born …   Universalium